Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels

أفضل علاج التريبانوسوما في الإبل -

Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels

Camels play a large and important role in the lives of those who keep them and may be their means of livelihood, whether they work as draft animals or as a source of protein. However, scientific studies have proven that infection with the trypanosomiasis parasite may negatively affect the health and production value of camels and have serious consequences.

So; Follow methods of prevention and use Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels It may be an important and effective step in controlling the disease and reducing its spread in the region.

Causes of wanderlust disease in camels

According to the current study, it turns out that females are three times more susceptible to infection than males, which is consistent with previous studies that found that females are more susceptible to infection than males. This is due to pregnancy and breastfeeding reducing the activity of females and weakening their resistance and bodies, making them more susceptible. To get infected.

One of the most common causes of trypanosomiasis is several types of trypanosomes that must be ingested Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels like:

  • Trypanosoma evansi.
  • Processed trypanosoma.
  • Trypanosoma vivax.
  • Trypanosoma brucei.
  • Trypanosoma cruzi.
  • Trypanosoma congolais.

Veterinary sources have revealed that infection with the Trypanosoma cruzi type is very rare, but the rest of the types are widespread and their symptoms may be very similar.

How does trypanosoma reproduce?

As a result of the trypanosomiasis parasite entering the body of camels, this requires taking Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels Immediately.

Trypanosomiasis is transmitted in several ways, including:

  • Biologically

  • Through insects such as: the tsetse fly, and the risk of contracting the disease is linked to exposure to these various insects.

  • Mechanically

  • It can also be transmitted mechanically by biting flies, such as: horse flies (Tabanus) and stable flies (Stomoxys spp), and through the bite of vampire bats.

    The fly transmits the infection after sucking blood from the infected animal to the healthy one. When the healthy animal is bitten, it becomes infected directly, causing a skin rash or slight redness to appear at the site of the bite. Then the trypanosomes begin to multiply when they attack the blood cells in the camels, and the infection becomes clear within a period of time. Between 1-3 weeks.

    Symptoms of wanderlust disease in camels

    The incubation period for trypanosomiasis is 1-4 weeks. It is assumed that once symptoms of trypanosomiasis appear in camels, use Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels. The severity of trypanosomiasis varies depending on the type and age of the infected animal and the type of trypanosoma it has infected.

    The primary clinical signs observed by the researchers are:

    •  Intermittent fever.
    • Weight loss.
    • Anemia.

    Also, in some livestock there may be an increase in mortality rates, or the disease may turn into a chronic condition, in cases of malnutrition or those suffering from stress.

    The good news indicated by veterinary scientists is that ruminants may gradually recover if the number of infected tsetse flies decreases, and Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels.

    Symptoms of severe cases

    This stage is known for the following symptoms:

    • The appearance of bloody masses on the internal membranes after autopsy, especially on the peritoneum.
    • Enlarged lymph nodes. 
    • Serous fat atrophy.
    • Swelling of the spleen.

     Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels 

    The two most successful and best methods for treating trypanosomiasis in camels are:

    • Reducing tsetse fly numbers.
    • Chemotherapy.

    Reducing tsetse fly numbers

    Eliminating the main cause of the disease is a significant step towards reducing the symptoms of the disease and preventing its spread to other animals Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels.

    This can be done by following several different methods individually, or by following more than one method to ensure the complete elimination of the fly. The methods are summarized in:

    • Animals can be given Medicines prophylactically in areas where there are high numbers of tsetse flies infected with trypanosomiasis.
    • Use of sterile insect technique (SIT) and can be used in other control operations at the region level after eliminating tsetse fly populations using insecticides.
    • Tsetse fly eradication using preventive Medicines .
    • Tsetse flies are controlled in part by frequent spraying and dipping of animals with pesticide.
    • Aerial and ground spraying of insecticides on fly breeding areas.
    • Use berms and targets impregnated with insecticides.
    • Remove the bush.


    In addition to reducing tsetse flies, it can be used Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels It is a group of Medicines , but it requires correct medication doses appropriate to the age and weight of the camel, taking into account the occurrence of drug resistance in camels. 

    The most popular types of medications for camel intoxication are the following:


    He is one Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels It is an intramuscular injection solution for camels to treat and prevent hemorrhagic disease. Cymelarsan injections consist of the anti-trypanosomiasis melarsamine hydrochloride, which is an anti-parasitic injection for parasites found in the blood, such as trypanosomiasis.

    This solution was tested by administering it by intramuscular injection to infected camels, and it proved effective in treating chronic cases of wanderlust.

    At dose rates of 0.25 or 0.50 mg/kg body weight, during 90 days after treatment no relapses occurred at either dose rate.

    It is also not permissible to use the milk of infected camels or slaughter them until 14 days have passed from the date of receiving the last dose.


    Triquin is an injection solution intended for camels, administered by subcutaneous injection.

    It is also used in the prevention and treatment of trypanosomiasis in camels in neurological and acute cases.

    The instructions that must be followed before use include: Shake the solution well.

    Weigh the animal and calculate a dose of 3 mm per 100 kg of the animal’s body weight. The solution is kept at a temperature below 25 degrees Celsius.

    Also, it is forbidden to use Milk or meat until 21 days after the last injection.


    It is an antiparasitic used to combat and treat blood parasites (trypanosomiasis, babesiosis) in camels, horses and dogs.

    Some doctors and educators consider it as... Best treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels This is because it contains vitamin B12 to prevent anemia and anemia.

    Pyroplasmin is used by deep intramuscular injection. It is also not recommended to use pyroplasmin in animals that are allergic to it. An injection in the early morning is preferred in order to benefit from it in killing trypanosomes and preventing their reproduction.

    AcePair in

    It is an anti-parasitic injection solution used in many animals such as: camels, buffalo, goats and horses.

    This solution works by inhibiting the growth and cell division in the primary cells of the trypanosomiasis parasite, which leads to paralyzing the primary parasites and preventing their reproduction.

    Although Acepir is an effective medicine, it should not be used in animals with hypersensitivity to the active ingredients in the drug, and it should not be given to animals with impaired liver or kidney function.

    J. Triban

    It is an intramuscular injection taken in the neck, and is used to treat trypanosomiasis infections and treat diarrhea in camels.

    The dose is usually 5 ml per 100 kg, and it is best to divide it twice to prevent swelling in the area.

    It is also assumed that milk from the animal receiving treatment should not be consumed until 20 days have passed since the last injection it received.

    As for slaughtering, it is also forbidden to eat its meat until after 20 days to ensure that the effect of the medicine is withdrawn from the entire body.


    The best types of treatment for trypanosomiasis in camels are:


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