Parvovirus in dogs cpv

البارفو في الكلاب   cpv -

Canine parvovirus is an infectious virus that infects dogs Basically. Canine parvo is highly contagious and is spread from dog to dog by direct or indirect contact with their feces. Vaccines can prevent this infection, but mortality can reach 91% in untreated cases. Treatment often includes a visit to the vet clinic. Canine parvovirus may infect some other mammals, including foxes, wolves, and cats Wal-Zarban


Dogs that become ill show signs of the disease from three to seven days. Signs may include lethargy, vomiting, fever, and diarrhea (usually bloody). Generally speaking, the first sign of a lethargy is lethargy. Secondary signs are weight loss and appetite or diarrhea followed by vomiting.

Diarrhea and vomiting lead to dehydration which upsets the ion balance and can seriously affect the dog. Secondary infections occur as a result of a weakened immune system. Because the normal intestinal lining is also damaged, blood and protein leak into the intestines, resulting in anemia and protein loss, and endotoxins leak into the bloodstream, causing endotoxin. Dog feces have a distinct odor in the later stages of infection. The level of white blood cells drops, which increases the weakness of the dog. Any or all of these factors can lead to shock and death. Younger animals have worse cure rates


Ideal adjunctive care consists of fluids, injections of broad-spectrum antibiotics such as cefazolin/enrofloxacin, ampicillin/enrofloxacin, or enrofloxacin IV fluids and injections of antiemetics and antibiotics are given subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or intravenously. Fluids are usually a mixture of a sterile, balanced electrolyte solution, with an appropriate amount of B-complex vitamins, glucose, and potassium chloride. Analgesic medications can be used to counteract the intestinal discomfort caused by frequent bouts of diarrhea

However, the use of strong analgesics can lead to secondary intestinal spasms and decreased motility
In addition to the fluids given to treat dehydration, a replacement amount of fluids is given intravenously each time the puppy vomits or has diarrhea in large quantities. A patient's fluid requirements are determined by the animal's body weight, weight change over time, degree of dehydration on examination, and body surface area.

Once the dog can maintain fluids, the intravenous fluids are gradually stopped, and an infusion administered Food Simple slowly. Oral antibiotics are given for several days depending on the white blood cell count and the patient's ability to fight off a secondary infection. A puppy with minor symptoms can recover within two or three days if intravenous fluids are started as soon as symptoms are noticed and a CPV test confirms the diagnosis. If it is more severe, depending on the treatment, the puppies can remain sick from five days to two weeks. However, even with hospitalization, there is no guarantee that the dog will recover and survive

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